A 1940s private detective investigates the mysterious death of the Los Angeles Water Commission chief engineer and attempts to reveal and make known its instigator.
Writer(s): Robert Towne
Director(s): Roman Polanski
Production Co.(s): Paramount Pictures; Penthouse; Long Road Productions
In Chinatown, 1940s private detective Jake Gittes is hired by a woman who claims to be the wife of the Los Angeles Water Department chief engineer to spy on her husband, because she suspects him of having an affair. When what appears to be proof of the affair is made public, the real wife appears and threatens to sue Jake for defamation. In pursuing the mystery of what instigated the fakery behind the first assignment, Jake discovers that the chief engineer has recently died in a "suicide" that smells of murder, and he sets his sights on discovering the truth behind the affairto find out and expose to the world at large the identity of whoever committed the crime.
As Chapter 5 of Discovering the Soul of Your Story reveals, any type of investigatory activity constitutes a gain action wherein the investigator seeks to gain (and usually make public) the heretofore-unknown information that serves as the focus of the investigation. Consequently, Jake is a gain character whose course of action involves discovering the truth of what he believes to have been a crime. The closer he gets to that truth, however, the more he suspects that the perpetrator may be a powerful figure who considers himself to be above the law. This suspicion colors his endeavor, so that we may state the proposition of Chinatown as:
- One should attempt to discover (gain the identity of) and expose (gain the public knowledge of) the sins of those who think they are above the law, because success in the attempt will expose them to public scorn and uphold the idea that the law applies to all people equally, regardless of their social class.
In Chinatown, Jake finds out who is responsible for murdering the chief engineer and uncovers along the way a lot of disturbing information about the depravity of the killer. But due to the circumstances behind the crimeespecially with regard to matters of money and powerJake fails to expose publicly the responsible party and help bring about justice.
We-the-audience want Jake to succeed, but he does not, which leaves us disappointed. And because our hopes for his success are dashed at the end of his journey, Chinatown stands as prime example of a fail/disappointed story.